Potential predictors of academic performance in science in a state university

Keywords: academic predictors, intrinsic factors, science anxiety, teacher’s efficacy


Science has made the world find the many things that people enjoy today especially those that have made their lives easy. Being an important indicator of a country's development, Science has been given importance by the government and the society. This study considered the possible factors that could predict the academic performance of students in Science at UP High School Cebu. The study utilized descriptive survey employing multiple regression to determine which among the factors considered can predict academic performance in Science. Results showed, at 0.05, that only Science anxiety and teacher’s efficacy are significant potential predictors of academic performance in Science. These interesting results deviate from most similar studies which showed that attitude towards Science, Science motivation, and perceived stress affect the academic performance. One of the recommendations indicated that further studies should be conducted to find out other possible predictors of academic performance in Science among UP High School Cebu students.


1. Adu, E. O., Tadu, R., & Eze, I. (2012). Teachers’ self-efficacy as correlates of secondary school students academic achievement in South Western Nigeria. Discovery, 2(4), 8-16.

2. Amrai, K., Motlagh, S., Zalani, H., & Parhon, H. (2011). The relationship between academic motivation and academic achievement of students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 399-
402. doi:doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.111

3. Calderon, K.S., W. Hey & D. Seabert (2001). Perceived stress and locus of control difference between employed and non-employed college students: Implications for increasing internal locus of
control. Student Affairs Journal Online. Retrieved February 24, 2015 from http://sajo.org

4. Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., and Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24, 386-396.

5. Cook, M., & Mulvihill, T. (2008). Examining US college students' attitudes towards science: learning from non-science majors. Educational Research and Review, 3(1), 38-47.

6. Dobson, C. (2012). Effects of acadmic anxiety on the performance of students with and without learning disabilities and how students can cope with anxiety at school (Masteral Thesis, Northern
Michigan University)

7. Elemia, C. (2016). Duterte signs P3.35-trillion 2017 budget into law. Retrieved from http://www.rappler.com/nation/156276-duterte-signs-2017-budget

8. Enochs, L., & Riggs, I. (1990). Further development of an elementary science teaching efficacy belief instrument: A preservice elementary scale. School Science and Mathematics, 90, 694-706.

9. Glasman, L. R., & Albaraccin, D. (2006). Forming attitudes that predict future behavior: A meta-analysis of the attitude-behavior relation. Psychological Bulletin, 132(5), 778-822.

10. Glynn, S. M., Taasoobshirazi, G., & Brickman, P. (2007). Non-science majors learning science: a theoretical model of motivation. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 44(8), 1088-1107.

11. Glynn, S. M., Taasoobshirazi, G., & Brickman, P. (2009). Science Motivation Questionnaire: Construct validation with nonscience majors. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 46, 127-146.

12. Hammer, L. B., Grigsby, T. L., & Woods, S. (1998). The conflicting demands of work, family, and school among students at an urban university. The Journal of Psychology, 132(1), 220-227.

13. Hatcher, L., & Prus, J. S. (1991). Out-of-class circumstances that inhibit college student development. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51(4), 953-963.

14. Kelly, W. E., Kelley, K. E., & Clanton, R. C. (2001). The relationship between sleep length and grade-point-average among college students. College Student Journal, 115-126. Retrieved February
2014, from http://media.biobiochile.cl/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/215-4929907074434892796-The_Relationship_Between_Sleep_Lenght_and_Grade_Point_Average.pdf

15. Koballa, T. R. (1988). Attitude and related concepts in science education. Science Education, 72, 115-126.

16. Koballa, T. R. (2008). Attitude and related concepts in science education. Science Education, 72, 115-126.

17. Linnenbrink, E. A., & Pintrich, P. R. (2001). Multiple goals, multiple contexts: the dynamic inteprlay between personal goals and contextual goal stresses. Retrieved February 2015, from

18. Lyneham, H. The impact of anxiety on student performance. [PowerPoint presentation]. Centre for Emotional Health, Macquarie University. 2009. Retrieved from: Emotional Health Clinic
Website: https://www.aisnsw.edu.au/Services/PL/SW/Documents/157496_Heidi_Lyneham_The_Impact_of_Anxiety_on_Student_Performance.pdf

19. Mallow, J. V. (1986). Science anxiety. Clearwater, FL: H&H.

20. Mallow, J. V. (2006). Gender, science anxiety, and science attitudes: A multinational perspective. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/egm/gst_2010/Mallow-EP.5-EGM-ST.pdf

21. Mahmoee, H. M. & Pirkamali, M. A. (2013). Teacher Self-Efficacy and Students’ Achievement: A Theoretical Overview. The Social Sciences, 8(1), 196-202.

22. Martin, M.O., Mullis, I.V.S., Gonzalez, E.J., & Chrostowski, S.J. (2004). TIMSS 2003 International Science Report. Chestnut Hill, MA: TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center, Boston College.

23. Nadeem, M., Ali, A., Maqbool, S., & Zaidi, S. (2012). Imapct of anxiety on the academic achievementof students having different mental abilities at university level in Bahawalpur (Southern
Punjab), Pakistan. International Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(3), 519-528.

24. Norwich, B., & Duncan, J. (1990). Attitudes, subjective norm, perceived preventive factors, intentions and learning science: testing a modified theory of reasoned action. British Journal of
Educational Psychology, 60(1), 312-321.

25. Obrentz, S. B. (2012). Predictors of science success: the impact of motivation and leaning strategies on college chemistry performance [unpub diss]. Retrieved February 2014, from

26. Osborne, J., Simon, S., & Collins, S. (2003). Attitude towards Science: A review of the literature and its implications. International Journal of Science Education, 25(9), 1049-1079.

27. Papanastasiou, E. C., & Zembylas, M. (2004). The effect of attitudes on science achievement: a study conducted among high school pupils in Cyprus. International Review of Education, 48(6), 469-

28. PSA (2013). Fact Sheet. Retrieved from Philippine Statistics Office - National Statistical Coordination Board Region VI (Western Visayas): http://nap.psa.gov.ph/ru6/FS2-2013NAT.htm

29. Ratnasiri, N. (2006). The role of science and technology in nation-building. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 34(5), 113. doi:10.4038/jnfsr.v34i3.3640

30. Shrigley, R. L. (1990). Attitude and behaviour are correlates. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 27(1), 97-113.

31. Silance, Ella B., & Remmers, H. H. (2013). An experimental generalized master scale: A scale to measure attitude toward any school subject. Studies in Higher Education, 1934, _J.26 84-87
32. Singh, K., Granville, M., & Dika, S. (2012). Mathematics and science achievement: effects of motivation, interest, and academic engagement. The Journal of Educational Research, 95(1), 323-332.

33. Trockel, M. T., Banres, M. D., & Egget, D. L. (2000). Health-related variables and academic performance among first-year college students: implications for sleep and other behaviours. Journal of
American College Health, 49(3), 125-140.
34. Tschannen-Moran, M., & Hoy, A. W. (2001). Teacher efficacy: Capturing an elusive construct. Teacher and Teacher Education, 783-805.

35. Wigfield, A., & Eccles, J. (2000). Expectancy-value theory of achievement motivation. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(1), 68-81. doi:doi.org/10.1006/ceps.1999.1051

36. Womble, L.P. (2003). Impact of stress factors on college students academic performance University of North Carolina at Charlotte Undergraduate. Journal of Psychology. 16-21.
How to Cite
Bondoc, K. P. (2016). Potential predictors of academic performance in science in a state university. University of the Visayas - Journal of Research, 10(1), 69-78. Retrieved from http://uvjor.ph/index.php/uvjor/article/view/133