Philosophies of the mind and body
Descartes, Ricouer and the metaparadigm of nursing
This paper presents an analysis of Descartes and Ricouer’s philosophies which explores the nature and connection of the mind and body, in terms of their tenets, similarities, differences as well as their implication to the understanding of the metaparadigm in nursing. The first part of the paper gives a brief background on the philosophers and their philosophies focusing on Descartes' Dualism then comparing it to Ricouer's concept of “Selfhood”. Meanwhile, the second part of this paper deals with how these two philosophies affect our understanding of the metaparadigm in nursing (Fawcett, 1984) specifically, the concept of person, health, environment, and nursing.
2. Beerman, A., Snyder, S., & Frandsen, G. (2016). Kozier & Erb’s Fundamentals of nursing concepts, process, and practice (10th ed.). New Jersey, USA: Pearson Prentice Hall.
3. Bennett, J. (1994). Descartes’s theory of modality, The Philosophical Review, 103(4), 639-667.
4. Bruce, A., Rietze, L., Lim, A. (2014). Understanding philosophy in a nurse’s world: What, Where and Why?. Nursing and Health, 2(3), 65-71.
5. Drenthen, M. (2015). Environmental hermeneutics and the meaning of nature. Oxford Handbook on Environmental Ethics. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276418022_Environmental_hermeneutics_and_the_meaning_of_nature
6. Dowling, W. (2011). Ricouer on time and narrative an introduction to temps et récit. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press.
7. Eckberg, D.L. & Hill, L. (1979). The paradigm concept and sociology: A critical review. American Sociological Review, 44(6), 925-937.
8. Ernesto, E. Jr, Fabro, E. J., Faustino, F., Funcion, C., Guevarra, M., & Mamengo, C. (2015). Key concepts of self-transcendence theory. Retrieved from http://n207pamelareedself-transcendence.blogspot.com/2015/09/key-concepts-of-self-transcendence.html
9. Flaming, D. (2005). Becoming a nurse: It’s just who I am. Medical Humanities, 31(2), 95-100. doi: 10.1136/jmh.2005.000202
10. Fawcett, J. (1994). Analysis and evaluation of conceptual models of nursing. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis.
11. Fawcett, J. (1984). The metaparadigm of nursing: present status and future refinements. Image: The Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 16(3), 84–87. doi:10.1111/j.1547-5069.1984.tb01393.x
12. Hutchins, R.M., (Ed) (1952). Great book of the western world. New York: Encyclopaedia Britanica.
13. Garcia, E. R. S. (2011). The capable human being according to Paul Ricoeur. A. B. Philosophy Thesis, University of Santo Tomas, 2011). Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/doc/97599001/The-Capable-Human-Being-According-to-Paul-Ricoeur
14. Garrett, B. ( 2014). Science and modern thought in nursing: Pragmatism and praxis for evidence-based practice. United Kingdom: Northern Lights Media.
15. Hergenhahn, B. R. (2009). An introduction to the history of psychology. U.S. A.: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
16. Hooft, S. V. (2006). Caring about health. England: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
17. International Council of Nurses (n.d.). Definition of Nursing. Retrieved from http://www.icn.ch/who-we-are/icn-definition-of-nursing/.
18. Kearney, R. (1988). Paul Ricoeur & the hermeneutic imagination. Philosophy & Social Criticism, 30(7), 115-145.
19. Locsin, R. C. (2017). The co-existence of technology and caring in the theory of technological competency as caring in nursing. The Journal of Medical Investigation, 64(1.2), 160-165.
20. Masters, K. (2009). Role development in professional nursing practice 4th ed. Massachusetts: Jones and Bartlett Learning, LLC.
21. Mason, T., & Whitehead, E. (2003). Thinking nursing. United Kingdom: McGraw Hill Education.
22. Maville, J., & Huerta, C. (2012). Health promotion in nursing. U.S.A.: Delmar Cengage Learning.
23. McBean, D., & Wijck, F.V. (2013). Applied neuroscience for the allied health professions: An Introduction to Neuroscience. China: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
24. McCurry, M. K., Revell S. M. H, & Roy. C. (2010). Knowledge for the good of the individual and society: Linking philosophy, disciplinary goals, theory, and practice. Nursing Philosophy, 11 (1), 42-52.
25. Murray, M. & Chamberlain, K. (1999). Qualitative health psychology: Theories and methods. London: SAGE Publications.
26. Nath, S. ( 2013). Ryle as a critique of Descartes’ Mind-Body Dualism. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3 (7), 1-5.
27. New World Encyclopedia. (2015). Philosophical anthropology. Retrieved from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Philosophical_anthropology
28. Orem, D. (1995). Nursing: concept of practice (5th ed). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.
29. Papineau, D. (2009). Philosophy. London: Duncan Baird Publishers Ltd.
30. Parvan, A. (2016). Monistic dualism and the body electric: An ontology of disease, patient and clinician for person-centered healthcare. Journal of Evaluationin Clinical Practice, 22(4), 530-538.
31. Pellauer, D. & Daunenhauer, B. (2016). Paul Ricoeur, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ricoeur/
32. Polkinghorne, D. E. (1988).Narrative knowing & the human sciences. Albany: State University of New York Press.
33. Rummelsburg, S. (2015). Three perspective on the human person. The imaginative conservative. Retrieved from http://www.theimaginativeconservative.org/2015/05/three-perspectives-on-the- human-person.html.
34. Skirry, J. (2005). Descartes and the metaphysics of human nature. London: Theommes.
35. Siringan, H. (2011). Philosophy of the human person. Quezon City. C & E Publishing, Inc.
36. Sullivan, S. (2001). Living across and through skins: Transactional bodies, pragmatism and feminism. Bloomington, U.S.A: Indiana University Press.
37. White, K. (2006). The SAGE dictionary of health and society. London: SAGE Publication Ltd.
Copyright (c) 2017 University of the Visayas
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.