Greetings and welcome to the 9th edition of UV-JOR for 2015.
The goalmouths of cultivating research skills and competency, along with, evolving the research culture in the University of the Visayas, continuously move the Center for Research and Development of the university to support elucidate the faculty researchers’ aspiration of having each research articles put into publication.
This volume is the outcome of several research competency trainings. As an exhibition of the center’s promise, this publication serves as an evidence of dynamism and an action of seriousness in safeguarding the hegemony of research in trailing academic responsibilities en route to excellence. We are also publishing contributions from other universities.
Let us continuously appreciate learning thru research and theory development. Enjoy reading.